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4: Airplane, Pakistan In Process

Catherine Anyango Grunewald

“I am interested in how the materiality of an image can support its
meaning, the tearing or disintegration of paper and marks alluding to
the criminal and emotional disruption of public space. The police
violence in America is happening almost too fast to comprehend and
almost certainly too fast to document. In a series that started with the
death of Trayvon Martin in 2012, I have been documenting the last
image in the victims of police shootings lives. In this film the drawn
footage is worked and reworked until the figures merge with the
landscape and the paper is destroyed. There is a sense of burning,
referencing lynching and also foreshadowing the subsequent riots.”

Catherine Anyango Grünewald, Live, Moments Ago (The Death of Mike Brown) (n.d)
catherine-anyango.com.

http://catherine-anyango.com/

https://www.royaldrawingschool.org/lectures-events/catherine-anyango-grunewald/

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0: VisCom4Dev 0.1 Community vs External Voices 6: Inspiration Bricolage In Process

Development agency concept illustrations and animations

Women’s empowerment

Illustrations

See Google searches on:

From agriprofocus

Animations

You Tube and Google searches on ‘women’s empowerment animations’ and ‘gender equality animations. Some of the You Tube viewer comments are also quite revealing – and shocking.

Amusing short textless animation for Social Europe about the inequalities in recognition of skills between women and men.
An overview for Trocaire of meanings and patterns of women’s participation and empowerment in DRC, Nicaragua and India. Shows variety between cultures. Argues we must address underlying inequalities between all women and all men, and between citizens and states. Voiceover and text are both in English, and seems to be aimed more at promotion to donor publics, rather than women in communities on the ground.
A comparison of the lives of two girls: Maritas who is the daughter of a teacher and gets secondary education and sex education and trains as a doctor. She is able to plan family and contribute to family and community. Cristina is from a poor family, her mother dies in childbirth, her father remarries and she is married off at 13 to a man three times her age. She contracts HIV and has a series of unplanned children. Argues Cristina should have had the chance to decide. Voiceover and text with supporting statistics and arguments in English.
Video for Pacific Community on causes of domestic violence in sex differences and stereotypes that are internalised by girls and boys from being very young, then translated into low pay and work opportunities reinforcing men’s feeling of power, leading then to violence. This is reinforced by the attitudes of church and police. Voiceover and simple text in English.
A Sketchnote cartoon by USAID. Apart from You Tube and USAID, it is not clear who the audience is.
Thinking Beyond Borders: India and US published May 2012
Through questions and stories from around the world, Thinking Beyond Borders gap year students examine the meaning of empowerment and it’s potential to create social impact.
About UN commitment to increasing women’s agency to control her life. Argues that the way to address global poverty is to empowerment women. All in English with lots of text. Promotion of a Christian training programme called ‘Imagine’, Empowerment Workshop.
Cartoon with animated English text, about global gender stereotypes in education and professions. By PowToons.
More artistic treatments for video competitions etc.
Artistic Sand Art on women’s empowerment.
Artistic cartoon about gender discrimination. Lots of simple animated English text and English voice over but interesting art style. For an Indian movie competition.
This has nice very simple white on black drawing. More arty than detailed concept. By Arcsoft Animation, India?
Artistic cartoon about gender and caste discrimination, with critique of Mahatma Gandhi’s attitudes to caste at the end. Driven by lots of paragraphs of animated English text and English voice over, symbols just illustrating this text. Created with PowToon for an Indian movie competition.
Cartoon of apparently random drawings of different aspects of women’s position as a card for International Women’s Day.

Violence Against Women

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2: Mary's Story, Uganda 3: PigTales, India 4: Airplane, Pakistan 6: Inspiration Bricolage In Process

Contemporary Western animation

NOTE: To be further analysed and added to and linked to in-depth discussion of selected animators and styles most relevant to development of my own short animations in 4: Transforming Tales. At that point there will be a detailed discussion of narrative techniques, use of humour vs use of shock/emotive/disturbing techniques.

http://www.edgeofframe.co.uk/

·        https://www.sakugabooru.com/ – for animation inspiration (eastern)

·        https://livlily.blogspot.com/ – for animation inspiration (western)

Oona Grimes, murd : pagina quattro, 2020, Courtesy of the artist and Danielle Arnaud gallery, London. 2.28 mins
Fellini’s La Strada [1954] mis-remembered and re-invented… Rapid fire images and action notations create unplanned collisions… Flashes of accidental animation. Gelsomina is a naif from the margins who has fallen through the cracks. She retains her innocence despite being sold to the brutal travelling performer, Zampano. Her drum playing gives her a job and a voice, a starring role loved by children and therefore a means of survival in the ruins of post-war Italy.
https://www.tintypegallery.com/exhibitions/unstilled-life-artist-animations-1980-2020/
Edwina Ashton, Mr Panz at Lake Leman, 2010, Courtesy the artist and Tintype, London, and with thanks to Animate Projects and to Drawing Room, London. 6 mins
Edwina Ashton’s hand-drawn, animated films hinge on the mismatch between our intentions and reality, offering narratives that draw on painful observations of everyday behaviour and individual foibles. The film follows the daily habits and explores the memories of Mr Panz, a removed, particular gentleman elephant living in a hotel on Lake Geneva. His diffidence is matched by the sensitive, almost hesitant style of Ashton’s animated drawings, which include a remarkably economical differentiation of an elephant and a mole.
https://www.tintypegallery.com/exhibitions/unstilled-life-artist-animations-1980-2020/
Markus Vater, Worlds Don’t Come Easy, 2020, Courtesy of the artist. 10 minutes
A tear finds happiness in the first of these short film vignettes packed into ten minutes: a mountain top rescue has an unexpected outcome; a chameleon gets confused matching its own reflection; God loses an eye; dandelion fairies commit mass suicide; a gun barrel proves a sub-optimal choice of home… There’s a dark twist to many of these tales, belied by the jaunty and diverse range of accompanying music, candy colour combinations and absurd humour. Markus Vater recently gave a talk entitled ‘Things that are there because they are not there, like a shadow, or death…’

Documentary narrative

Jonathan Hodgson

Commentary on life and narratives about mental illness, sexuality, cruelty and politics. Some of the animations are driven by voice-over narrative. But his very simple evocative style is carefully adapted to subject matter and uses drawing styles and animation techniques that I could experiment with in my own work.

See more on vimeo: https://vimeo.com/jonathanhodgson/videos

Dogs (1981) A man takes his dog for a walk in the park where they encounter other dogs and their owners. The film explores the relationship between a man and his dog highlighting their contrasting approaches to life. Worldess animation, originally 6mm film.
Menagerie (1984) is a wordless animation about the experience of the animals in living in captivity in London Zoo. The film was used by the charity Zoocheck  zoocheck.com/ to help promote their campaign for the protection of wild animals. The film was animated with pencil on paper and frosted cel and shot on 16mm film.
An example of his psychological narratives. The animation is driven by the voice narrative. But the evocative painterly style is something I could experiment with. A gang of kids find a strange house with an overgrown garden where they play. Only once do they meet the man who lives there, a dead-beat alcoholic with a free and easy spirit who welcomes them. The children see him as a romantic character in stark contrast to their neurotically house proud parents.
End of the Death Penalty 2012 spearheading Amnesty International’s campaign. Simple monochrome style with voiceover narrative about one Iranian lawyer’s fight to save juveniles from execution. Uses a combination of still backgrounds and moving figures, ending in photographs of actual people and events.
William Kentridge

South African artist who produces very evocative animations, often on political themes, from filming manipulated charcoal drawings. His additive and subtractive process could be replicated digitally in Procreate and other iPad painting apps.

Surreal narrative

Peter Millard

See movies on: https://vimeo.com/petermillard

Produces short surreal animations in a child-like style with simple line and crayon/wash. Many of his animations depend on use of sound effects and have no words.

David Shrigley

British illustrator who has some of his comic narratives converted into animation. Although he relies a lot on voice narrative, his very direct and simplified cartoon style could be replicated in iPad animation.

http://davidshrigley.com/category/drawing-painting/

https://www.britishcouncil.org/arts/shrigley/animations

Steve Cutts

Humorous animation about the history of ‘Man’ in the world. Complex Flash animation.

Patrick
Amusing animation about tyranny and conformity. Quite complex Flash animation.

3D animation but basic idea could be translated into simple 2D style.

Filmbilder

Baker Mark
Ross Bollinger

Pencilmation simple humorous Flash animation.

See You Tube channel:
https://www.youtube.com/user/rossbollinger

Miscellaneous

From Google search on 2D and/or Flash animation

Visual abstraction

Oskar Fishinger

Oskar Wilhelm Fischinger (22 June 1900 – 31 January 1967) was a German-American abstract animator, filmmaker, and painter, notable for creating abstract musical animation many decades before the appearance of computer graphics and music videos. He created special effects for Fritz Lang’s 1929 Woman in the Moon, one of the first sci-fi rocket movies, and influenced Disney’s Fantasia. He made over 50 short films and painted around 800 canvases, many of which are in museums, galleries, and collections worldwide. Among his film works is Motion Painting No. 1 (1947).

Ian Gouldstone

Experimental conceptual animations using a range of techniques.

https://iangouldstone.com/

Two forms, a red ball and a yellow stick, rest in the silent darkness, then hover and morph with sound effects. Can I replicate this through a blended foreground in procreate to give atmosphere? Certainly later in Adobe Animate.
Use of front mask to contain and emphasise the motion. This could be done as a foreground in Procreate or added later in Adobe Animate.
Experimental film

Websites:

See also scratch video
  • Death Valley Days: Secret Love by Gorilla Tapes 1984 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDQM_UJ0Tm0
  • Absence of Satan, George Barber, 1985 http://www.georgebarber.net/video_pages/satan.htm Comply, Emergency Broadcast Network, 1993 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MhZ_ UygGnN0
  • Martin Arnold Passage à l’acte (1993) http://dangerousminds.net/comments/watch_a_mind_bending_video_manipulation_of_to_ kill_a_mockingbird
  • A diary/travelogue film shot on super 16mm with differing frame rate transfers overlaid upon one another. – https://vimeo.com/229481476
Parada, Jerzy Kucia, 1986

http://ubu.com/film/kucia_parada.html

A very evocative Polish black and white film animation about Harvest.

Uses variations in abstract framing, focus and timing to evoke memories and reflections.

Film grain, light and shadow plays evokes the time that has passed. Subtle monochrome colour shifts and selective colouring eg shirts of harvesters as the main things remembered.

Dreamlike reflections are produced through eg drawn/overlaid animation of birds.

Music and sound effects re-inforce the feelings of dreamy nostalgia, noise or threat.

Con Leche, Jordan Wolson, 2009

http://ubu.com/film/wolfson_leche.html

Animated cartoon of Diet Coke bottles filled up with milk. Shot on video in Detroit Michigan, the characters walk through the desolate streets in real video sometimes in groups and sometimes alone. The image wobbles, flips and turns inside of the video frame. 

A commercial voice over actress speaks from texts collected from the internet referencing identity, technology, memory and mortality most of which are personal accounts spoken in first person. Every few minutes Jordan Wolfson interrupts her giving basic formal instructions and adjustments distorting her tone, volume, and “sex”.

Wimshurst selection
Confusion Through Sand
Kairos Trailer by Studio La Cache
Film de Cube – Ecole la Poudrière
Good Books Metamorphosis
Delta Sleep – Afterimage music Video
Whooosh
Wednesday with Goddard
ROXY x Masanobu
Zed: Death Mark by Ryan Woodward
EAUX FORTES
Split
Strong

Snowman wordless.

website: http://www.edwardmonkton.com

Google images

Pig of Happiness

Love Monkey

The Lady and the Chocolate

Work with the Samaritans

Cloud of Loveliness

Beautiful thoughts

The Coffee of Joy

Let Us Be Lovely

Sheep of Destiny

Patrick

Filmbilder

Ross Bollinger Pencilmation

https://www.youtube.com/user/rossbollinger

See also Lucas Ragazoni

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6: Inspiration Bricolage In Process

Stik

Much of the power of animation comes from the drawing style and how far this supports the narrative content. The artists and illustrators below present a range of graphic styles with which I would like to experiment in my animation on the iPad. Many of them have also worked with textless, or near textless narrative, and their work as a whole is discussed in more detail as I develop my own animations in Part 4. The full posts are accessed through the title links.

STIK

Stik is a British graffiti artist based in London known for painting large stick figures as street art, often with a very political message about social inequality, homelessness and gentrification of low-income areas..

What interests me is the way in which he manages to get a wide range of expressions and stories in his murals simply through varying the size and position of a few dots in a circle, together with rectagle body and length and angle of the stick legs.

For more details see:

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3: PigTales, India 5: Making Lines Talk 6: Inspiration Bricolage In Process

Jonathon Hodgson

Jonathan Hodgson is an internationally renowned animation director based in London, he has twice won BAFTAs for Best Short British Animation in 2000 and 2019. He studied animation at Liverpool Polytechnic and the Royal College of Art. After spending 25 years directing commercials he moved to academia, setting up and leading the Animation degree at Middlesex University where he combines teaching with making personal films. He is the animation director of Wonderland: The Trouble with Love and Sex, the first full length animated documentary on British TV. 

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6: Inspiration Bricolage In Process

Yoshimoto Nara

Yoshimoto Nara Google Images

Yoshimoto Nara Slash with A Knife – a book I bought in Tokyo

edited from Wikipedia

Yoshitomo Nara (奈良 美智 Nara Yoshitomo?, born 5 December 1959 lives and works in Tokyo. Nara grew up in a time when Japan was experiencing an inundation of Western pop culture; comic books, Walt Disney animation and Western rock music. He first came to the attention of the art world in the 1990s during Japan’s Pop art movement. Since then he has achieved a worldwide cult status. In June, 2005, Nara’s artwork was featured in the album titled “Suspended Animation” by experimental band Fantômas. Other commercial products (including videos, books, magazines, catalogues and monographs) have been dedicated to Nara’s work. Recently, a two-volume catalogue raisonné of all his sculptures, paintings, and drawings was completed.

The fiercely independent subjects that populate so much of his artwork may be a reaction to Nara’s own largely independent childhood. The subject matter of his sculptures and paintings is deceptively simple: most works depict one seemingly innocuous subject (often pastel-hued children and animals drawn with confident, cartoonish lines) with little or no background. But these children, who appear at first to be cute and even vulnerable, sometimes brandish weapons like knives and saws. Their wide eyes often hold accusatory looks that could be sleepy-eyed irritation at being awoken from a nap—or that could be undiluted expressions of hate.

Nara, however, does not see his weapon-wielding subjects as aggressors. “Look at them, they [the weapons] are so small, like toys. Do you think they could fight with those?” he says. “I don’t think so. Rather, I kind of see the children among other, bigger, bad people all around them, who are holding bigger knives…”

The manga and anime of his 1960s childhood are both clear influences on Nara’s stylized, large-eyed figures. Nara subverts these typically cute images, however, by infusing his works with horror-like imagery. This juxtaposition of human evil with the innocent child may be a reaction to Japan’s rigid social conventions. He has been influenced by punk rock music – a similar – if more unsettling – image of rebellious, violent youth, Nara’s art embraces the punk ethos. Nara has cited other traditions as varied Renaissance painting, literature, illustration, ukiyo-e and graffiti as further inspiration.

Yoshimoto Nara